Mammals of Nevada

ORDER/Family Common name Species Name Status (see note at bottom of list) Distribution Slide Library Mamm. Sp. # Comments
INSECTIVORA              
Soricidae Merriam shrew Sorex merriami Vulnerable N   2  
  Trowbridge's shrew Sorex trowbridgii Threatened SW, W   337  
  Vagrant shrew Sorex vagrans Common NE, Central Nevada 1288    
  Montane shrew Sorex monticolus Vulnerable NE   528  
  Inyo shrew Sorex tenellus Threatened S   131  
  Water shrew Sorex palustris Vulnerable Statewide, except S 1287 296  
  Preble's shrew Sorex preblei Threatened Extreme NW   416  
  Desert shrew Notiosorex crawfordii Vulnerable SW   17  
Talpidae Broad-footed mole Scapanus latimanus Vulnerable W      
CHIROPTERA            
Phyllostomidae California leaf-nosed bat Macrotus californicus Threatened S      
  Mexican long-tounged bat Choeronycteris mexicana Accidental NW, W, S   291  
Vespertilionidae Little Brown bat Myotis lucifugus Threatened N, Central Nevada      
  Yuma bat Myotis yumanensis Common W, NW      
  Long-eared bat Myotis evotis Common NE, NW 732 329  
  Fringed bat Myotis thysanodes Threatened Expected statewide   137  
  Long-legged bat Myotis volans Common NE, NW   224  
  California myotis Myotis californicus Vulnerable NW, SW, S   428  
  Western small-footed myotis Myotis ciliolabrum Vulnerable Statewide, except S      
  Cave myotis Myotis velifer   S   149  
  Allen's big-eared bat Idionycteris phyllotis Endangered SW   208  
  Silvery-haired bat Lasionycteris noctivagans Vulnerable Statewide 658 172  
  Western pipistrelle Pipistrellus hesperus Common NW, SW, S     Smallest bat in the USA.
  Big Brown bat Eptesicus fuscus Common W 39, 223 356  
  Western red bat Lasiurus blossevillii Vulnerable W, S      
  Hoary bat Lasiurus cinereus Vulnerable Statewide 656, 41, 42 185  
  Spotted bat Euderma maculatum Rare Statewide 734 77  
  Townsend's Big-eared bat Corynorhinus townsendii Vulnerable Statewide      
  Pallid bat Antrozous pallidus Vulnerable NW, SW, S 230 213  
Molossidae Guano bat Tadarida brasiliensis Common W, S 729 331  
  Big free-tailed bat Nyctinomops macrotis Endangered Unknown 891 351  
  Mastiff bat Eumops perotis Endangered S   534  
LAGOMORPHA            
Ochotonidae Pika Ochotona princeps Vulnerable NW and W borders, Central Nevada 63, 64 352  
Leporidae White-tailed jackrabbit Lepus townsendii Common SW, NW, N, NE and Central Nevada 1189, 1349 288  
  Snowshoe hare Lepus americanus Vulnerable W 246, 544    
  Black-tailed jackrabbit Lepus californicus Common Statewide 60, 245, 1347 530  
  Nuttal's cottontail Sylvilagus nuttallii Common Statewide, except S   56  
  Audobon's cottontail Sylvilagus audobonii Common S 59, 188 106  
  Pygmy rabbit Brachylagus idahoensis Threatened NW, NE, Central Nevada   125  
RODENTIA            
Aplodontidae Mountain beaver Aplodontia rufa Endangered W 742, 743 431  
Castoridae Beaver Castor canadensis   NE and Southern border 247, 248, 408-410, 1239, 13161317 120  
Erethizontidae Porcupine Erethizon dorsatum   Statewide 83, 870 29  
Geomyidae Northern pocket gopher Thomomys talpoides   NW, NE and Central Nevada 688, 689    
  Mountain pocket gopher Thomomys monticola Vulnerable W      
  Townsend's pocket gopher Thomomys townsendii   NW      
  Botta's pocket gopher Thomomys bottae   S, SW, SE 254    
Heteromyidae Little pocket mouse Perognathus longimembris   N and Central Nevada      
  Great Basin pocket mouse Perognathus parvus   Statewide 752 318  
  Long-tailed pocket mouse Chaetodipus formosus   W, SW, S      
  Desert pocket mouse Chaetodipus penicillatus Rare S 1095    
  Spiny pocket mouse Chaetodipus spinatus Vulnerable S 751 385  
  Dark kangaroo mouse Microdipodops megacephalus Rare Central Nevada 1100 46  
  Pale kangaroo mouse Microdipodops pallidus Rare SE   47  
  Panamint kangaroo rat Dipodomys panamintinus Common W 1331 354  
  Ord's kangaroo rat Dipodomys ordii Common Statewide except S 1352, 560, 693, 1099 353  
  Chisel-toothed kangaroo rat Dipodomys microps Common Statewide except SE and NE   389  
  Merriams' kangaroo rat Dipodomys merriami Common W, NW, SW 1328    
Muridae Northern grasshopper mouse Onychomys leucogaster Common NW corner 253, 1017, 1169 87  
  Southern grasshopper mouse Onychomys torridus Common S, SW, SE 1170 59  
  Western harvest mouse Reithrodontomys megalotus Common Statewide 1018 167  
  Canyon mouse Peromyscus crinitus   Statewide   287  
  Cactus mouse Peromyscus eremicus Common S 1173 118  
  Deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus Common Statewide 74, 1175    
  Brush mouse Peromyscus boylii Vulnerable S, W 1171    
  Pinon mouse Peromyscus truei   Statewide, except N 1176 161  
  Arizona cotton rat Sigmodon arizonae Extirpated S      
  Desert woodrat Neotoms lepida Common Statewide, except NE 1252    
  Bushy-tailed woodrat Neotoms cinerea Common Statewide, except S 1166, 1351 564  
  Montaine vole Microtus montanus Rare Statewide, except S      
  Long-tailed vole Microtus longicaudus Common Statewide, except S 1157 271  
  Sagebrush vole Lemmiscus curtatus Common Statewide, except S 947, 1339 124  
  Muskrat Ondatra zibethicus   SE border, W, and NE, Central Nevada 1162, 1163 141  
  Black rat Rattus rattus Human commensal Statewide 759, 760    
  Norway rat Rattus norvegicus Human commensal Statewide 755-758    
  House mouse Mus musculus Human commensal Statewide 92, 754    
Sciuridae Yellow-bellied marmot Marmota flaviventris Common NE, W, Central Nevada 106 135  
  Townsend's ground squirrel Spermophilus townsendii Common Statewide, except S   268  
  Belding's ground squirrel Spermophilus beldingi Common Central Nevada and NE 1107 221  
  Columbia plateau ground squirrel Spermophilus canus Unknown Extreme NW      
  Rock squirrel Spermophilus varietagus Common Central Nevada, SE, E 951 272  
  California ground squirrel Spermophilus beecheyi Common W 101    
  Golden-mantled ground squirrel Spermophilus lateralis Common W, NW, NE 100, 1108 440  
  Round-tailed ground squirrel Spermophilus tereticaudus   S 1187 274  
  Whilte-tailed antelope squirrel Ammospermophilus leucurus Common W, S, SW, SE 112 368  
  Least chipmunk Tamias minimus   NW, NE, Central Nevada 108    
  Yellow-pine chipmunk Tamias amoenus   NE, W   390  
  Panamint chipmunk Tamias panamintinus   SW, S   468  
  Uinta chipmunk Tamias umbrinus   Central Nevada 105    
  Palmer chipmunk Tamias palmeri Threatened S   443  
  Lodgepole chipmunk Tamias speciosus Threatened W 1345 478  
  Shadow chipmunk Tamias senex Vulnerable W   502  
  Long-eared chipmunk Tamias quadrimaculatus   NE and Central Nevada   469  
  Cliff chipmunk Tamias dorsalis   Central Nevada, E   399  
  Douglas' squirrel Tamiasciurus douglasii Common W 952    
  Western gray squirrel Sciurus griseus   W 1104, 1125 474  
  Norther flying squirrel Glaucomys sabrinus Vulnerable W 1020 229  
Dipodidae Western Jumping mouse Zapus princeps Vulnerable NW, NE, Central Nevada 1110    
CARNIVORA            
Canidae Sierra Nevada red fox Vulpes vulpes Vulnerable W 435, 436, 582 537  
  Kit fox Vulpes macrotis   W, E, Central Nevada   123  
  Gray fox Urocyon cinereoargenteus   S 584 189  
  Coyote Canis latrans Common Statewide 265, 1126, 1127, 1267 79  
  Gray wolf Canis lupus Extirpated NW 581, 1038, 1128 37 Pack animal
Ursidae Black bear Ursus americanus   W 142, 1132   The smallest of the American bears.
  Grizzly bear Ursus arctos Extirpated N 455, 821, 1008, 1271 439  
Procyonidae Raccoon Procyon lotor Common N 140, 709 119  
  Ringtail cat Bassaryscus astutus   S 858 327  
Mustelidae American martin Martes americana Vulnerable W   289 Fur hunting has decreased the population.
  Short-tailed weasel Mustela erminea Vulnerable N 588, 1052 195 Shriek loudly when attacking or is cornered.
  Long-tailed weasel Mustela frenata   Entire state except deserts 1348 570  
  Mink Mustela vison   W 1129    
  Wolverine Gulo gulo Rare W 442, 807, 1295-1297 499  
  River otter Lontra canadensis Threatened NE, SW 802, 859 587  
  Spotted skunk Spilogale gracilis   Statewide      
  Stripped skunk Mephitis mephitis Common Statewide 280 173  
  Badger Taxidea taxus   Statewide 701-703 26 Feet are large and clawed; specialized for digging.
Felidae Mountain lion Felis concolor   W   200  
  Lynx Lynx canadensis Extirpated   587   Possibly occurred historically
  Lynx Lynx rufus Extirpated   819, 1293 563  
PERISSODACTYLA            
Equidae Feral horse Equus caballus   Statewide 150, 294, 1063    
  Feral ass Equus asinus   Statewide 152, 771    
ARTIODACTYLA            
Cervidae Rocky Mountain elk Cervus elaphus   N and NE portion of state 189-191, 318, 809, 863, 864, 1077, 1278 154  
  Black-tailed deer Odocoileus hemionus Common Statewide, except S and parts of W 187, 475, 476    
Antilocapridae Pronghorn Antilocapra americana Common NW, NE, SW, SE 166, 717-718, 823, 1310 90  
Bovidae Bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis   Statewide 168-169, 307, 941 230  
  Bison Bison bison Extirpated N, NW 167, 304-306, 719, 720, 1224, 1273, 1311 266  
  Mountain goat Oreamnos americanus Exotic Introduced into the Humboldt and Ruby Ranges 170-171, 1274 63  
Tayassuidae Peccary Pecari angulatus Exotic Possible but currently undocumented occurrence      
               
Status notes are taken from Nevada Natural Heritage listings; S1 = rare/endangered; S2 = threatened; S3 = Vulnerable; S4 and S5 = common or no comment made              
               
Prepared by Doug Kelt              
               
               
Please send comments to: pamvaugh@icsi.net